There are 2 sections. The 1st is of Tolstoy’s 80th birthday at Yasnaya Polyana. It shows his wife Sofya picking flowers in the garden, his daughter Aleksandra sitting in the carriage in the white blouse, his aide and confidante, V. Chertkov, and students. It was filmed by Aleksandr Osipovich Drankov. We’re not sure of all the details within the 2nd section, so any help would be greatly appreciated. Also, please reach out to us if you’re interested in assisting with the Intertitle Cards’s translation.
Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy was a Russian writer (most famously, War and Peace & Anna Karenina) and is oft-considered the world’s greatest novelist. He was equally known for his complicated and paradoxical persona and for his extreme moralistic and ascetic views, which he adopted after a moral crisis and spiritual awakening in the 1870s, after which he also became noted as a moral thinker and social reformer. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him in later life to become a fervent Christian anarchist and anarcho-pacifist. His ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal twentieth-century figures as Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Video also features:
his wife Sofya Andreevna Tolstaya (picking flowers in the garden)
his daughter, Aleksandra L’vovna (sitting in the carriage in the white blouse)
his aide and confidante, V. Chertkov (the bald man with the beard and mustache)
his dog (a spaniel-poodle)
and his peasant students.